Monthly Archives: March 2019

Neurotoxin “Death” in Singapore. Can It Really Kill?

What is a Neurotoxin?

Neurotoxins are produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

Neurotoxin injections are a popular cosmetic procedure done by medical professionals to improve wrinkles and treat certain muscular conditions.

How does Neurotoxin work?

When Neurotoxin is injected, it blocks certain nerve signals that stimulate muscle contraction. This leads to relaxation of muscles which reduces the appearance of unwanted wrinkles.

The effect of Neurotoxin lasts 3–6 months.

Over time, the muscles will gradually regain movement causing wrinkles to re-appear.

Neurotoxin risks

Neurotoxin injections are safe when performed by an experienced doctor.

Possible mild side effects and complications include:

  • Pain, swelling or bruising at the site of injection
  • Headache (Forehead Neurotoxin)
  • Droopy eyelid or “spock” eyebrows (Forehead Neurotoxin)
  • Crooked smile or drooling (Jaw Neurotoxin)
  • Eye dryness (Crow’s Feet Neurotoxin)

Potential life-threatening complications are very rare and related to high doses of Neurotoxin injections used to treat medical conditions such as cerebral palsy and cervical dystonia.

These severe side effects may manifest as:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Vision problems
  • Trouble speaking or swallowing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Loss of bladder control

Studies have reported the toxic dose for severe side effects to be more than 6 Neurotoxin Units per Kg.

Taking an average adult female to weigh 50kg, this translates to 300 units of Neurotoxin. It is extremely unlikely that a patient will require close to 300 units of Neurotoxin for Aesthetic treatments.


In the hands of an experienced doctor, Neurotoxin is safe and effective.

Severe side effects are extremely rare and are associated with high doses of Neurotoxin.

Quote of the day

“All things are poisons and there is nothing that is harmless, the dose alone decides that something is not poison” -Paracelsus (1493–1541).

Bothered by Stubborn Red Acne marks?

What is Post Inflammatory Erythema (PIE)? 

Red acne marks / scars otherwise known as post inflammatory erythema (PIE) can be stubborn and often a source of frustration. Even with no treatment, PIE marks eventually fade. However, the process is slow and can take several months to a year.

What causes PIE?

PIE develops due to damage and dilation of small blood vessels (capillaries) near the surface of the skin.

It is commonly caused by

  • Inflamed acne
  • Incorrectly “popping” or picking of pimples
  • Trauma to the skin such as scraps or scratches
  • Chemical / laser burns
  • Sunburn

Simple test for PIE

Apply pressure to the red marks and if they temporarily disappear, it is most likely PIE.

How can we treat PIE? 

Vascular lasers like the Pro-yellow laser or Spectra XT “Gold-Toning” 595nm lasercan effectively treat PIE by targeting hemoglobin through the process of selective photothermolysis.

The lasers safely penetrate skin to break down and disperse damaged blood vessels, thereby reducing the appearance of PIE.


Aside from lasers, look for these ingredients in your skincare products as they have been described to improved PIE.

  • Niacinamide
  • Vitamin A
  • Peptides
  • Green tea extracts
  • Vitamin C and Vitamin E

Our Anti-Blemish Serum and Ultra Light Hydrator were specially formulated with these ingredients to reduce the appearance of blemishes and improve acne.